The AwkEng Builds a Better Mouse Trap Catapult

Hi all,

Today's post is about advancing the state of the art in mouse trap driven catapult design. We'll meander for a bit and talk about the backstory and motivation, but the punchline is that I have a design for a mass producible, injection moldable catapult. It features a snap-on throwing arm that fits over the kill bar of a traditional "snap trap", and then the trap itself snaps into a plastic frame which controls the throwing angle and keeps fingers safe. It'll throw a marshmallow about 6-8 ft. Oh, and my favorite design feature, is that the mouse trap's trigger mechanism is kept intact.

mouse trap catapult

Backstory: There's a mouse in the house!

The story starts several months ago with the discovery of a mouse in the house. I mean, we found evidence of droppings, and some mouse sized holes in an instant ramen packet and a box of Cheerios, and then one day I actually saw one scamper across the kitchen.

My wife has a true, stomach churning phobia of mice, so we hired a service that came and filled up all the air gaps around the house and left around 60 or 70 traps in every nook and cranny.

To their credit, it's been several months, and nary a mouse has been seen, live or dead, but from my point of view, these mouse traps are now being underutilized. So I started thinking about what I could make with them.

Mouse trap powered cars were a thought, but catapults just seemed more fun.

Backstory Part 2: The Interview Question

This is a total tangent, but when interviewing engineers, I often asked a question about keeping a chicken egg warm and incubated until it hatched. The question starts with a scenario where it's necessary to hack something together with materials from around the house, then progresses to more and more sophisticated builds. Once the chicken egg is safe, I start asking the candidate to start thinking longer term, and maybe not having an ugly recycled cardboard box and a heating pad in my living room.

This question certainly weeds out bad engineers, and most mechanical engineers can start talking through what would be necessary for a more repeatable, scalable, durable, attractive build.

The best answer by far though, went something like this.

"So the chicken egg is safe for a little while, and I have a few days to come up with something nicer?"


"Well, chicken incubators sound like a thing that already exists. I'd look on Amazon to see if I could just buy one."

The lesson here is not to engineer things when you can just buy them for a lot less time and trouble.

So I turned to the internet and did an initial search for mouse trap catapults. I was disappointed with what I found. Clunky CAD models. Popsicle sticks, spoons, and duct tape. And none of the designs used the trigger mechanism of the trap, which in my view, is half the fun! Nothing available on the internet, either for sale, or for download, would suffice! So I could tell myself I was fully justified in spending the effort on this. There was no buying what I wanted on Amazon. Time to design my own!

Dusting off My Engineering Hat

I've done a ton of work lately in program and product manager roles, and haven't done much heavy lifting on my own, but deep down, I tell people that there is still a mechanical engineer in there somewhere, so maybe I was just looking for an excuse to spin some CAD to make sure the skills hadn't fully atrophied and also play with my 3d printer.

Here's the process:

The Build: Initial Prototypes

Initial steps started with some sketching and some tinkering with popsicle sticks and duct tape to get a rough sense of proportions.

From there, I can get into rough CAD. The purpose of the first build was to start checking critical dimensions.

rough CAD

And as it turns out, I goofed on the first build... I tried to have the flat bar hit perfectly against a flat surface on the frame, and frankly, that's never gonna happen. I redesigned the surface with a curve, so that I would always have a flat on curve interface, which is much better from a wear point of view. I took a couple iterations to get the locations of all the necessary critical surfaces to locate the trap and the throwing stop.


At this point, I started playing with the throwing arm. The first one fit, but it had a habit of slipping off with repeated firings.

An iteration or two later and I had the throwing arm getting into shape. Eventually I tried to address wall thickness and make something manufacturable. I could certainly tweak this a bit more to eliminate the need for side actions, but it's close enough for my purposes and I wanted to put more time into the main body.

throwing arms

There were a couple false starts at making something manufacturable for the main frame. I really wanted a simple, two part mold, and wanted to avoid side actions or anything that would add cost to the part.


Because of the frame geometry, you need some access holes so the mold can "reach" to the underside of the part. I ended up in some places where I didn't like the aesthetics, so decided to start again from scratch.

 more CAD

Actually being able to hold the part, instead of spinning the 3d model, made me rethink a few things. In particular, I realized how much material was just being covered up by the mouse trap. This lead to another iteration.

top ribs

Also, I thought that ribs on the top of the part, where the "stops" were might look OK, but when I saw the build I changed my mind. I took another crack at it. The build below was really getting somewhere!

open frame

I realized in the process of adding draft angles (the gentle slope to vertical surfaces that lets a part slip out of the mold) ended up squeezing some geometry on the mouse trap. Also, the snap hook features I made broke off when I was removing support material from the 3d print.

A few more small tweaks and I'm pretty happy where I ended up!

shot 1

shot 2

shot 3

shot 4

Wrap up

The mouse trap catapult is fun. I've been using marshmallows, crumpled balls of paper, and other small nuggets as ammo. The kids love them. Nothing compares to the satisfying "thwack" of the trigger being released.

I've set small ambushes around the house and I have the range dialed in to launch from my work-from-home desk to my wife's work-from-home desk.

Although the geometry is mass manufacturable, I have no current plans to tool up. I think driving that far with the geometry was as much about the "look" as anything else... when it's manufacturable, it just looks right, and doesn't look like a clunky 3d print.

Anyway, that's all for now!

best regards
Sam Feller
aka THE Awkward Engineer

p.s. some 3d printer footage for fun and a layout of all the prototypes

printer printing



  • MagicSmokeSTAT, I have your email from the blog management tools, will send you the files! you can also email

  • Hi Sam! I love your design, design process, and project documentation. Today, it crossed my mind to try making a mouse trap catapult again (after 30 years), and thought I’d search online before doing it from scratch. Would you consider sharing your 3D models? I think it’d make for a great summer project for kids. Maybe on You can find my 3D printed water rocket launcher there. Thanks for considering!


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